Parts of braces

braces bandsBands are a ring of metal, which fit around the molars and sometimes premolars. The bands are selected from a range of sizes in order to find the lightest fitting band. The bands are sealed in position using dental cement that contains fluoride to prevent any decalcification during treatment.


braces-bracketsThe brackets hold the arch-wire against each tooth. The arch-wire fits into a slot in the bracket. Brackets may be attached directly to each tooth or to a band.


archwireThe main wires, or arch-wires, are shaped specifically to fit around the arch into the bracket slots. Teeth move from the pressure that is applied by the braces. That pressure comes from the arch-wire, which guides the direction of the movement.


elastics-for-bracesAn elastic is the tiny rubber ring that ties the arch-wire into the bracket.

hooks-on-bracesHooks are small attachments on the brackets used to attach elastics (rubber bands).

Coil Spring
coil-spring-on-bracesThe coil spring fits between brackets and over the arch-wire.

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